Brownsville is the county seat of Cameron County, Texas, United States. It is the sixteenth-most populous city in the state of Texas, with a population at the 2010 census of 175,023 and an estimated population in 2014 of 183,046. Brownsville is located at the southernmost tip of Texas, on the northern bank of the Rio Grande, directly north and across the border from Matamoros, Tamaulipas, Mexico. The 2014 U.S. Census Bureau estimate placed the Brownsville-Harlingen metropolitan area population at 420,392, making it the ninth most populous metropolitan area in the state of Texas. In addition, the international Matamoros–Brownsville Metropolitan Area was estimated to have a population of 1,136,995. Brownsville has one of the highest poverty rates in the nation, and is frequently cited as having the highest percentage of residents in the nation below the federal poverty level. But the urban area is also one of the fastest growing in the United States. The city's population dramatically increased after a boom in the steel industry during the first decade of the 1900s, when steel output tripled. In the early 21st century, the Port of Brownsville has become a major economic hub for South Texas, where shipments arrive from other parts of the United States, from Mexico, and from around the world. Brownsville's economy is based mainly on its international trade with Mexico through the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). It is home to one of the fastest growing manufacturing sectors in the nation. Brownsville has been recognized as having one of the best pro-business climates in the United States, and the city has been ranked among the least expensive places to live in the U.S. Brownsville served as a site for several battles and events in the Texas Revolution, the Mexican–American War, and the American Civil War. Just across the U.S–Mexico border lies Matamoros, Tamaulipas, a city with a population of 500,000 people. It was a major site of the Mexican War of Independence, the Mexican Revolution, and the French Intervention. It also is a major manufacturing center.
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How did Texas earn the grade of B? We examined the state taxes based on how age friendly they are. Texas has a state sales tax of 6.25%. Of particular interest is that Texas does not have taxes on social security. There are no estate taxes. There are no taxes imposed on inheritance. Texas has an effective property tax rate of 1.86%. Weighing these taxes and other taxes most likely to impact the aging population is how Texas earned its state tax grade of B.
Learn more about taxes in Texas